|Babcock forceps||Non-sharp, non-perforating forceps, that is used for the management of delicate tissue. It is often used for intestinal, laparoscopic surgery and frequently for the sentinel lymph node procedure in plastic surgery.|
|Back cut||The surgical technique used in connection with raising a local skin flap to provide extra length. The back cut orientates towards a direction, which mobilizes an adequate amount of tissue without compromising the base of the flap. Pay attention to the blood supply.|
|Bandaging||Covers a large assortment of Band-Aids and dressings, which are used during wound healing. They all have different properties regarding their absorbency, breathability, and thickness. Bandaging can be used for covering the wound, protecting against exogenous bacteria, to ensure compression, absorb excess fluid, and keep the wound moist or dry.|
|Basal Cell Carcinoma||The most common type of skin cancer. This type of cancer is derived from the basal cells in the epidermis of the skin. Multiple subtypes with different growth patterns and clinical appearances (nodular, infiltrative, superficial, morphea, etc.) exist. It is also referred to as non-melanoma skin cancer.|
|Belt lipectomy 360˚||A surgical procedure belonging to the category “abdominoplasty”. It distinguishes itself by being a circular operation, where excess skin is removed equivalent to a 360-degree belt around the abdomen, the flanks, and the back, as a result lifting the stomach, the pubic mound, the flanks, and the buttocks.|
|Bilobar flap||Local skin flap used to move skin locally to cover a smaller defect, e.g. after excision of a skin tumor on ala nasi. Two flaps are created (A and B) in a half-circle with relation to the skin tumor. The flaps have an interval of a maximum of 90 degrees. After the excision of the skin tumor, Flap A will close the defect where the skin tumor was located. Flap B will close the defect left by the reposition of Flap A. The donor site from Flap B will be closed directly.|
|Biocompatible material||Synthetic or naturally occurring materials e.g. used for facial implants or breast reconstructions and designed to function with the living tissue.|
|Blepharoplasty||Correction of loose or excess tissue corresponding to the upper, lower, or both eyelids. A small amount of orbital fat is often removed together with the correction. It can be performed on both functional and cosmetic indications.|
|Body Mass Index (BMI)||Body Mass Index (BMI) covers a mathematic formula, which calculates the relation between a person’s height and weight (weight/height in meters * 2).|
BMI is expressed by a number, which is used to classify whether the person is normal weight, underweight or overweight.
Evidence shows a BMI exceeding 30 significantly heightens the risk of complications such as infection, bleeding, poor healing and poorer surgical outcomes. Most plastic surgical departments insist on a BMI equal to or below 25 when performing elective, non-cancerous surgery and non-massive weight loss surgery.
|Bolus dressing||Compressive bandage often composed of a foam sponge, which is sown to the surface of a skin transplant. The purpose of this is to ensure the transplant doesn’t move during the early phase and to prevent a hematoma between the transplant and the wound bed, which would otherwise compromise the diffusion of oxygen and nourishment that the transplant depends on. The foam dressing can be combined with moisturizing and antibacterial components (e.g. Jelonet and nitrofurantoin gaze) as needed.|
|Brachioplasty||Correction of surplus skin on the upper arms. |
|Breast Cancer||Malignant tumor located in the mammary glands. There are several subtypes, but adenocarcinoma accounts for 99%. These include ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma.|
|Breast lift/ mastopexy||Surgical lift of the breast. Multiple techniques for this procedure exist depending on whether it is the correction of the skin or involves the removal of breast tissue. Examples are the “wise-pattern technique” resulting in an anchor-like scar or the “lolli-pop technique” resulting in a vertical scar. The blood supply to the areola is based on a stalk; alternatively, the areola can be transplanted to a new location.|
|Breast reconstruction||Performed after a mastectomy has been done due to breast cancer or high hereditary predisposition (BRCA1/2 mutation). Reconstruction can be done in the same séance as the mastectomy (primary reconstruction) or later (secondary reconstruction) – usually after chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Multiple surgical techniques exist e.g. reconstruction with a silicone implant with/without mesh, a stalked LD-flap or TAP-flap from the back or with a free microsurgical DIEP-flap, etc.|
|Breast reduction||Surgical reduction of the volume of the breast, often combined with a breast lift. Often, the wise-pattern with an anchor-scar is used, and the blood supply to the nipple is established with a superior-medial stalk (Orlando technique) and/or an inferior stalk (Rubins technique).|
|Bucky rays||An X-ray treatment used for treating especially psoriasis. Makes use of a voltage of only 10-15 kV, which ensures the rays only penetrate the outer 0,25mm of the skin. Nowadays, the treatment is used significantly less due to the indication of an increased prevalence of skin cancer later in life. The treatment is performed in a dermatological context.|
|Bullae||Blisters with a diameter greater than 5mm, typically originated from a burn.|
|Burns||Burns arise as a result of overexposing the skin to hot fluids, contact with a hot fixed object, hot air, or a chemical substance such as an acid or a base.|
Spreading and depth are crucial. The depth is divided into 1.-3. degree burns and defines how many layers of the skin are involved. The damage can also involve the underlying tissue of the skin. The spreading is commonly described using the Wallace Rule of Nines or by using a shading chart.