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Breast Surgery

Introduction

Authors: Mia Demant, MD, Magnus Balslev Avnstorp, MD and Mia Steffensen, MD

Breast abnormalities include a wide range of both congenital and acquired conditions, which are described briefly in the following subchapters along with the surgical possibilities.

Pathophysiology

Congenital breast abnormalities

The patient may suffer from a congenital disease resulting in macromastia, amastia, or asymmetry of the breasts or thorax.

Acquired breast abnormalities

During a lifetime, the size and shape of all breasts will be influenced by many factors; changing weights, pregnancies, smoking, aging of the skin and/or suspensive connective tissue caused by gravity. If the patient has been through a massive weight loss (following bariatric surgery or via lifestyle changes), the stretched skin envelope will remain enlarged compared to the now reduced size of the breast. 

Acknowledgments

IllustratorsChristian Paaskesen, med.stud.


Procedures

Procedures