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Breast Surgery

‘East-west asymmetry’

Authors: Mia Demant, MD, Magnus Balslev Avnstorp, MD and Mia Steffensen, MD

Definition

Lateral nipple malposition where nipples point in opposite directions – often coupled with mild to moderate pectus carinatum (bird chest):

Figure 1 | East-west asymmetry.

Surgery offered

  • Crescent mastopexy, pocket revision, free nipple graft, and pedicled nipple transposition (1)

Acknowledgments

Illustrators: Christian Paaskesen, med.stud.

References

  1. Small K, Kelly KM, Swistel A, Dent BL, Taylor EM, Talmor M. Surgical treatment of nipple malposition in nipple-sparing mastectomy device-based reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 May;133(5):1053–62.

Procedures

Procedures